"Mushroom" describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally, to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody or leathery fruiting bodies of some Basidiomycota, depending upon the context of the word.
#1 Tsezarsky mushroom (Amanita caesarea):
Very valuable edible fungus, which grows in southern Europe and North America. For the first time this fungus is described by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli in 1772. His loved the rulers of the Roman Empire. It has a distinctive orange cap, yellow spore-bearing plate and the leg. This fungus is very much appreciated by the Romans, who called it Boletus.
#2 Mycena interrupta:
This fungus grows in Australia, New Zealand, Chile and New Caledonia. In Australia, growing in Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales and South Australia, and in Queensland, but only at The National Park Lamington. Pileus is 0.6-2 cm, and they have a bright blue color. When they appear, they have a spherical shape, but as they mature become wider. Hats sticky and slimy-looking, especially in the rain.
#3 Ksantor elegant (Xanthoria elegans):
This fungus grows on rocks, often near the bird perches or mink rodents. By the nature of this lichen. He became one of the first lichens used in the method of dating rock surfaces, known as lihenometriya. Growing at a rate of 0.5 mm per year during the first century, and then a little slow its growth.
#4 Conic morel (Morchella conica)
Edible mushroom in the upper part resembling a honeycomb. It consists of a network of undulated strips with voids therebetween. Very appreciated by gourmets, especially in French cuisine. The fungus is very popular with mushroom hunters not only from a commercial point of view, but also because of the pleasant taste.
#5 Red fly agaric (Amanita muscaria):
All known amanita - poisonous and psychoactive basidiomycete fungus. It grows in the Northern Hemisphere, but also was introduced in the country of the southern hemisphere, first as a symbiont in the coniferous forests, and later as a full species. Red hat with white dots - who is not known mushroom? It is one of the most recognizable of fungi in the world. Although considered poisonous fly agaric, Amanita muscaria confirmed cases of poisoning is not, and in some parts of Europe, Asia and North America, and did eat him after blanching. Amanita has hallucinogenic properties, its main psychoactive component - is muscimol. Some peoples of Siberia are using it as an entheogen, and he has a great religious significance in these cultures.